National's MARKING (on back, in middle) # 68
BELOW IS FROM AN INTERESTING EMAIL :
" the doorstop you have is not the Mayflower at all.
It is one of Columbus' ships that sailed to the New World in 1492.
I do not know whether it is the Nina, Pinta, or Santa Maria.
Anyway, I know this because my great-great-grandfather, Henry J. Austin,
purchased this very doorstop at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago
The exposition (which opened in 1892) celebrated the 400th anniversary of the
"discovery" of the New World.
Furthermore, the ship's design is that of a Spanish galleon
from the 15th century and the markings on the sails confirm this."
ANOTHER INTERESTING EMAIL
"The Santa Maria was the largest and was technically a Carrack.
The other two were Caravels.
The Nina ( her real name actually Santa Clara, likely nicknamed after her owner Juan Niño) was NOT the model for the doorstop.
It was the smallest of the three and originally set with "lateen sail" (which are triangular).
It was not designed to be used on the open ocean, but a merchant ship intended only for the Mediterranean Sea.
But en route, they stopped in the Azores to re-fit it with the more stable square sail.
Some records also indicate Niña (Santa Clara) had 4 masts and neither of the Caravels
would not have had such an elevated forecastle. That’s generally a characteristic of a larger, ocean faring vessel.
Therefore, I think it’s safe to refer to that doorstop it in any future lists as the Santa Maria. "
The galleon is different from the older types of ships. They were longer, lower and narrower.
They had a square tuck stern instead of a round tuck, and a snout projecting forward from the bows below the level of the forecastle.